Fire protection system

Fire protection system is a combination of technology used to detect, alert, and immediately stop a fire from occurring, consequently minimizing unexpected damages to persons and property. Fire protection systems are typically designed by a qualified, reputable company and are extensively tested and controlled before use.

Survey, consulting, and designing of the fire protection system

A fire protection system is defined as a set of technologies that may be used to build a network with high connectivity and fast fire prevention and suppression. Automatic igniting and fire extinguishing systems are included. 

Classification of fire alarm systems:

According to the working principle of the device, divided into 4 kinds:

  • Fire alarm system classification:
  • The device is divided into four kinds based on its working principles:
  • Automatic thermal fire alarm system;
  • Automatic smoke alarm system;
  • Automatic fire alarm system (light);
  • Mixed automatic fire alarm system;


There are two types, according to the technical characteristics:

  • Conventional fire alarm systems
  • Addressable fire alarm system
  • Fire suppression system classification:


According to the extinguishing agent ,there are 4 different types:

  • Automatic fire suppression system with water foam;
  • Automatic foam fire suppression system;
  • Automatic powder fire suppression system;
  • Automatic gas fire suppression system;
  • According to the fire suppression method of the system there are 3 types:
  • Surface automatic fire suppression system
  • Automatic fire suppression system by volume;
  • Point-based automatic fire suppression system.


According to the excitation method, system control has 3 types:

  • The automatic fire suppression system begins by means of a conductor with a melting lock. 
  • The automatic fire suppression system is started by the Automatic Sprinkler system.
  • The automatic fire suppression system starts the automatic fire alarm system."

Appraisal of the fire protection system

Fire prevention and suppression approval is a measure to ensure the safety of fire and explosion prevention for projects and constructions since it is only presented on architectural drawings."" Fire prevention and fire suppression approval results are one of the bases for competent authorities to confirm projects, design and give permits to build.

Particles of approval on fire prevention and suppression are projects, constructions and construction items specified in Appendix V of Decree 136/2020/ND-CP dated November 24, 2020.

Dossier for appraisal and approval on fire prevention and suppression is specified in Article 13 of Decree 136/2020/ND-CP dated November 24, 2020.

The content of design appraisal and approval for fire prevention and suppression design is specified in Article 5 of Decree 136/2020/ND-CP dated November 24, 2020.


Construct and installation of fire protection system

The construction and setting up of the fire prevention and suppresion systems are installed by tconstruction team with materials and equipment in accordance with the conceptual plans permitted by the fire protection police agency.

The fire protection construction unit must totally respond  the construction rules in accordance with applicable laws, decrees, regulations and circulars.


Inspection and experiment of the fire protection system.

The acceptance of fire prevention and suppression specified in Article 15 of Decree 136/2020/ND-CP dated November 24, 2020 and Article 8 of Circular No. 149/2020/TT-BCA dated December 31, 2020 includes: acceptance test of each part, each phase, each item, each system and handover test;
Dossier of acceptance of fire prevention and suppression.

Result of the acceptance test:

Within ten days of receiving the completed dossier, as provided in Clause 4, Article 15 of Decree 136/2020/ND-CP. The previously approved fire protection police agency is responsible for organizing the examination and approval, as well as creating a report on the results.

One of the bases for the competent authority to give the authorization giving the permit to put the work or engine vehicle with special requirements about ensuring fire safety to use.


Guarantee, maintenance, and repair of fire protection system.

Warranty, maintenance, and maintenance purposes to make sure the fire protection system is always prepared to be used if there is a danger situation.

The warranty and maintenance of fire prevention and suppression system supplies and equipment must correspond with the company's requirements or the building unit's warranty policy.

Regular maintenance should be performed on a weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annual basis to guarantee that the system is always reliable.

Periodic maintenance should be performed once a month, every three months, every six months, and once a month, every three months, every six months, and once a year as per regulation.